Maori Name: Pātiki
Latin Name: Pelotretis flavilatus
Weight: less than 0.8kg
Length: 25–35cm, reaching 40cmFamily:
Sole belong to the Pleuronectidae family (righteye flounders).
They are widespread in New Zealand waters, particularly in the south, from near the shore to 100 metres depth.
Flatfish were introduced to the QMS in 1986 as a group, rather than individual species (species-specific catch reporting is now encouraged). The annual catch limit for flatfish has varied from 5,409 to 6,670 tonnes since 1986. Stock abundance of flatfish can vary markedly in response to environmental variation. Accordingly, catch limits may be changed frequently to respond to these fluctuations.
Sole are caught throughout the year around the South Island but particularly in Tasman Bay, Pegasus Bay, and off the Otago and Southland coasts, mainly in trawls.
A Sole's eyes are very close to the front of its head. This helps with visual feeding - large adults are able to catch small fish.
Lemon Sole is a good source of Vitamin B12, Manganese, and Selenium; and a source of Niacin (Vitamin B3), Iodine, Potassium
Seafood is a highly nutritious food and is a great source of protein. Many species are low in saturated fat and a number of them are a good source of Omega 3.